The Biography of His Majesty the King | The Musical Genius of His Majesty the King / His Majesty the King and the Music
His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej was born at Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusettes, United States of America on Monday, December 5, 1927. At first, his name was His Royal Highness Prince Bhumibol Adulyadej. He was the youngest son of His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkhla, ( the youngest son of His Majesty the King Chulalongkorn and Her Majesty Queen Sawang Vadhana) and Princess Mahidol of Songkhla (the King’s Mother). After that, both the King’s parents were conferred with the title of His Royal Highness the Prince Father and Her Royal Highness the Princess Mother. His Majesty the King has one sister, Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana, Princess of Naradhivas, who was born on Sunday , May 6,1923 in London, England, and one brother, His Majesty the King Ananda Mahidol, who was born on Sunday, September 20,1925 at Heidelberg, Germany.
|In 1928, His Majesty the King came to Thailand with his father, who graduated honorary degree in Medicine, Harvard University, United States of America, and stayed at Sra Pathum Palace. On September 24, 1929, His Majesty the King’s father passed away when His Majesty the King was almost 2 years of age. When he was 5 years old, he started his basic education at Mater Dei School in Bangkok. Until 1933, he moved to stay at Lausanne, Switzerland, together with his mother, sister, and brother. He studied at Ecole Nouvelle de la Suisse Romande, Chailly-sur-Lausanne. After receiving the certificate of Bachelieres Lettres Diploma from Gymnase Classique Cantonal of Lausanne, he entered University of Lausanne to study Science.
|On June 9,1946, King Ananda Mahidol was suddenly dead at Bormmapiman Palace in the Royal Palace. The King Brother Prince Bhumibol Adulyadej has reigned on the same day. Due to his commitment with his studies, the King left Thailand for Switzerland once again in August 1946 to study in the same University, but he chose to study in Laws and Political Science instead of Science.|
During his stay there, he met Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakara, a daughter of Mom Chao Nakkhatra Mangala and Mom Luang Bua Kitiyakara. He was engaged with Mom Rajawongse Sirikit on July 19, 1949 at Lausanne, Switzerland. His Majesty the King had conferred Mom Chao Nakkhatra Mangala with the title of His Royal Highness Prince Nakkhatra Mangala in 1950, and subsequently Prince of Chantaburi in 1952.
In 1950, His Majesty the King came back to Thailand and stayed at Amporn Sathan Villa, Dusit Palace. A Royal Cremation Ceremony for King Anandamahidol was ordered to be organized in March 1950. On April 28 of the same year, His Majesty the King married Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakara at Sra Pathum Palace, the palace of Her Majesty Queen Sawang Vadhana, the King’s grandmother. He also conferred Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kittiyakara with the title of Queen Sirikit.
On May 5, 1950, His Majesty the King made an order to organize the Coronation Ceremony according to the ancient custom at Paisan Taksin Hall in the Royal Palace. After being officially named as His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, he had bestowed his royal command as
“I will fairly rule for peace and happiness of the people of Siam”
Also, on this auspicious occasion, he had conferred Queen Sirikit with the title of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit. After the Coronation Ceremony, His Majesty the King went back to Lausanne, Switzerland to cure his health according to the suggestion of the physician group. During their stay in Lausanne, Her Majesty Queen Sirikit gave birth to the first daughter, The Former Her Royal Highness Princess Ubol Ratana, on April 5, 1951. When his first daughter was 7 months, His Majesty the King went back to Bangkok, and stayed at Chitralada Villa Royal Residence, Dusit Palace.
After that, he moved to stay at Amphorn Satharn Villa, Dusit Palace, because Chitralada Villa was under renovation as the permanent residence. And at Amphorn Satharn Villa, Her Majesty Queen Sirikit gave birth to another one son and three daughters
His Royal Highness Prince Vajiralongkorn was born on Monday , July 28, 1952. In 1972, he was conferred with the title of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn.
Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn was born on Saturday, April 2, 1955. In 1977, she was conferred with title of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.
Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn was born on Thursday, July 4, 1957.
His Majesty the King was ordained on October 22, 1976 at Temple of the Emerald Buddha, the Royal Palace and stayed at Panya Villa (a three-storey European style building), Wat Bowonniwet. During his monkhood of fifteen days, Queen Sirikit had dutifully accomplished the full responsibilities of the Regent and consequently was conferred with the title of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit in the same year. On October 31, 1957, after the renovation of Chitralada Villa Royal Residence had been completed, the Royal family moved from Amphorn Satharn Villa to stay at Chitralada Villa Royal Residence.
During 1959 to 1967, His Majesty the King and Her Majesty the Queen had established mutual relationship with other nations through their state visits of 28 countries in Asia, Europe, and United States of America. Moreover, they frequently welcomed a diversified number of royal guests, who were the head of states of many countries.
There are a variety of activities that His Majesty the King had participated such as the royal activities, the important ceremonies of the country and Buddhist ceremonies. However, the most important activity was his visit of the Thai people in every region including people in the remote areas regardless of his exhaustion. Besides realizing the real lifestyle and problems of people in each area, His Majesty the King also provided assistances and implemented more than 3,000 projects (covering various aspects) under his initiation, to solve the problems, and develop people’s quality of life.
Aiming to reach the sustainable development, some of these projects were directly conducted by His Majesty the King, while some others were assigned to public or private sectors to carry out and proceed accordingly.
His Majesty the King has completely performed his royal duties as the King under democracy regime. He has obtained both moral principal and virtues of the King as his primary resolutions since the very beginning of his reign. In 1971, on the auspicious occasion, of the 25th Anniversary Celebrations of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne, the Government and Thai people organized this spectacular event throughout the kingdom of Thailand.
On December 5, 1987, the Government and Thai people had organized a very important celebration under the name, “The Celebration on the Auspicious Occasion of His Majesty the King’s 5th cycle birthday”. And the following year, there was another celebration which was the Royal ceremony to celebrate the Longest Reigning King in the Thai history.
His Majesty the King still maintained all of his royal duties until 1995. To celebrate the 50 long years of His Majesty the King’s reign, the Government planned to set up the celebration for 2 years starting from January 1, 1995 until the end of 1996. Every organization, both public, state enterprise, private sectors and all people organized a variety of activities. On June 9, 1996, Thailand had recorded one of the grandest celebrations of the Thai history, which was called “The 50th Anniversary (Golden Jubilee) Celebrations of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne, at Kanchana Bhisek Hall, Sanam Luang.
Ten years later, Thai people and the world had realized the royal duties that His Majesty the King had continuously dedicated for the country and Thai people. In 2006, on the occasion of reigning for 60 years, longer than any King of Siam, and longer than any other King at present, this auspicious occasion was one of the most impressive and memorable events for all Thai people and foreigners who had lived in the country.
On June 9, 2006, His Majesty the King performed the Sixtieth Anniversary Celebrations of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne at the Temple of the Emerald Buddha in the Royal Palace. Also, after the ceremony, His Majesty the King would grant an audience of nearly ten thousand people at Ananda Samakhom Throne Hall-a very impressive moment for all Thais. Other remarkable event was the list of guests joining this special event included the Kings and royal families or the representatives from 25 countries around the world.
Up to present, along six decades that His Majesty the King had reigned from 1950, he had performed many of his royal duties which were subsequently useful to the Thai people. More importantly, his emphasis had been focused on the welfare of the people and especially the stability of the country.
Because His Majesty the King has many talents in many fields, he, then, had many achievements in sports, inventions, both mechanical and technology, including arts creation in various kinds such as his paintings, his written books, and musical composing, etc